Integration of Management and employees

With the introduction and implementation of the OHSMS in the daily business, it is obligatory to educate and to train the managers, employees and the health and safety actors according to the new procedures. Education means instructions to convoy the knowledge. During the training, the knowledge gained is applied to practice, thus to internalize safe behavior and to live consciously. The skills, behaviors, and safety awareness of all members of the company are essential for safe situation and actions and thus the overall success of the company. Therefore, the employee must be in accordance with the job requirements and tasks carefully selected, trained and supported to carry out the work in a safety-oriented manner. These skills must be tested and monitored regularly by an established education and training system within the company. Based on the knowledge gained from the risk assessment, e. g. training matrices can be created. These help managers and OHS actors to define the necessary instructions and trainings as well as to determine which employee (including the refresh / repetition) has to receive which education respectively training at what time. By repeating and updating the process of internalization is permanently integrated. All participants receive a basic instruction / training and in addition according to their workings, equipment used and specific work places individual instructions and trainings. Thus, for example, an employee who performs only office work must not be trained on the potential hazards and risks and the appropriate controls for the operation of welding. By this measure, the total expenditure for the implementation of instruction and training can be reduced respectively the training can be designed varied (e. G., topic of the month). This also applies to the contractor. They must be encouraged to provide also properly instructed and trained workers.

The instrument of instructions and training of staff can be supplemented in addition to the recurring training and instruction sessions also by day-to-day applicable tools such as the Last Minute Risk Analysis = LMRA. A classic example of this preliminary talk are the Take 5's (Stop - Look - Asses - Management - Safely). This helps the executive employees, besides the detailed hazard identification and risk assessment, for short work assessment. For this purpose, the individual steps, the work equipment to be used and the working environment with the resulting hazards and protective measures are discussed. With this measure, the principle of prevention is actively implemented in daily operations.